Social, environmental and ethical issues

Charities may wish to incorporate a wide range of social, environmental and ethical issues into their investments.

This section provides a guide to some of the most common issues considered by charity investors. It will help you to understand the issues and why and how they could be incorporated into investments.

The issues that a charity considers will depend upon its values and activities. The legal issues page explains why it is important for a charity to carefully consider which issues are most relevant and appropriate.

You may be able to help charities decide on the issues that they should consider in their investments.

The following list provides a menu of issues that charities could consider. It is not an exhaustive list or a suggestion that charities include all of the following in their investment decisions.

Faith-based charities are likely to have particular issues of concern, the majority of which are covered in the list below. More information about faith-based investing can be found in What’s right for your charity.

Charities and fund managers that are approaching Responsible Investment from the perspective of social, environmental, ethical or governance risk management may wish to pay particular attention to issues such as environment, human rights or corporate ethics. They may be especially concerned about companies which have a high exposure to such areas and seek to understand how these companies will manage and mitigate the resulting risks in order to better safeguard longer term investments.


    Animal testing
    Intensive farming and meat sale

Corporate ethics
    Bribery and corruption
    Codes of ethics
    SEE Risk Management
     Women on the board

Developing Countries
    Commodity extraction
    Breast milk substitutes
    Access to medicines
    Tobacco marketing

    Chemicals of concern
    Climate change and greenhouse gases
    Environmental management, policy, reporting and performance
    Mining and quarrying
    Nuclear power
    Sustainable timber
    Water pollution

Genetic engineering

Human rights


    Community Involvement
    Equal Opportunities
   Health and Safety
    Relationships with customers and suppliers
   Supply chains
    Trade unions
    Training and development

Positive products and services

Other ethical issues
    Contraception and abortion
    Pornography and adult entertainment services

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